Mass Production Of Clothing In 2023: Is It Good Or Bad? [An Easy Explanation]

The fashion industry has long been associated with glamour and style, but veiled behind this glossy façade is a complex network of production processes. One of the most controversial among them is the mass production of clothing. As we stride into 2023, there’s a growing debate around the implications of mass production in the clothing industry. 

Is it a boon, offering affordable fashion to the masses and supporting economies of scale? Or is it a bane, contributing to unprecedented environmental challenges and questionable labor practices? Let’s dive in to unravel the intricacies of mass production of clothing in 2023, breaking it down into digestible insights and understanding its effects on our world.

mass production of clothing

What Is Mass Production of Clothing?

Mass production of clothing is a manufacturing process that involves the creation of large quantities of clothing in a relatively short period of time. This production method (Flow Production) is widely adopted by clothing manufacturers worldwide due to its efficiency and cost-effectiveness. It requires the use of heavy-duty machinery that can cut, stitch, and assemble hundreds of garments simultaneously with the help of a large workforce.

One of the most significant benefits of mass production is that it enables clothing manufacturers to produce many garments at an affordable cost. This allows for the creation of lower-priced clothing options which can be accessible to a wider audience. Besides, the use of machinery in mass production means that the production process is incredibly fast, and a large number of items can be made within a short period.

However, mass-produced clothing is generally uniform and lacks uniqueness or creativity, as it is made in bulk to meet a standard size and style. In contrast, handmade or made-to-order clothing allows customization, fit, and a personalized touch. Thus, acknowledge the differences between mass-produced and made-to-order clothing, although both serve significant purposes in the clothing industry.

What Is the History of Mass Production of Clothing?

The history of the mass production of clothing can be traced back to the mid-nineteenth century when manufacturers began producing garments that did not require fitting. This innovation paved the way for the emergence of the fashion industry, which became an established institution in the 20th century.

Before the advent of mass production methods, clothing was made by skilled craftsmen or handmade by individuals. As a result, clothing was relatively expensive and only accessible to the wealthy. However, the introduction of mass production methods made clothing more affordable and readily available to the general public.

The first mass-produced clothing was mostly made from cotton and wool. However, as technology improved, manufacturers began to experiment with different materials, such as synthetic fibers, which were cheaper and more durable. This led to a wider range of fabrics being used and also enabled clothing to be produced in a greater variety of colors and patterns.

The innovation of the sewing machine in the mid-nineteenth century revolutionized clothing production. The sewing machine increased production efficiency and enabled manufacturers to produce greater quantities of clothing at a lower cost. Additionally, the development of assembly-line methods of production further improved efficiency, reducing the time and cost of making garments.

Mass production methods led to the standardization of clothing sizes. This allowed for greater uniformity in production and made it easier for consumers to find clothing that fits properly. As a result, clothing became more accessible to people of different sizes and shapes.

Is Mass Production of Clothing Good or Bad in 2023?

Mass production of clothing has become a common practice in the garment industry in 2023. While it offers several advantages, there are also many disadvantages associated with this production method. Considering these factors, whether mass production of clothing is good or bad depends on your business model and requirements.

Advantages of Mass Production of Clothing:

Increased productivity: 

The mass production of clothing allows companies to produce a large volume of products at a faster rate than handmade or bespoke clothing. Using assembly lines and other production methods helps streamline the manufacturing process, thereby increasing productivity.


In mass production, each product is made exactly the same as the one before it. This uniformity is ideal for clothing brands that require consistency in their product lines, such as uniforms for schools or workwear for large companies.

Lower cost: 

Another benefit of mass production is that it can reduce the cost of manufacturing clothes. By purchasing raw materials in bulk, companies can save money due to lower per-unit costs. This can help to keep the clothing affordable for consumers.

Faster production: 

Since mass production follows a standardized process, it is possible to produce clothing much faster. This allows companies to quickly respond to the demand for their products, which is especially important during seasonal periods.

Disadvantages of Mass Production of Clothing:

Initial cost: 

One of the main disadvantages of mass production is the initial cost. It requires heavy investment in equipment, machinery, and skilled labor. The cost of acquiring, setting up, and maintaining all the required machinery and tools can be prohibitive for small businesses.

Less flexibility: 

Another downside of mass production is that it reduces flexibility. It becomes difficult for companies to pivot and shift production based on changing market trends and customer preferences. Furthermore, the customization of clothing is not possible in this production method.

Energy consumption: 

The production of clothing can consume a significant amount of energy, especially when it involves the use of heavy machinery. This leads to high energy bills, greenhouse gas emissions, and an increased carbon footprint.


Mass production of clothing contributes to pollution in various ways. The production of synthetic materials requires the use of toxic chemicals, which lead to pollution of the environment. In addition, dyeing and finishing products used in textile production are responsible for around 20% of global water pollution. Laundering synthetic clothes releases around 35% of primary microplastics into the environment.

Lower quality: 

Mass-produced clothing is often of lower quality than made-to-order apparel. This is because fast fashion brands use cheaper materials, such as oil-based synthetics and polyester, to keep costs low. In contrast, high-quality fabrics, such as Pima cotton, Mulberry silk, and linen, are used in made-to-order clothing.

What Can You Do to Reduce the Impact of Mass Production of Clothing?

There are a number of steps that can be taken to reduce the environmental impact of mass produced clothing. 

One way would be to choose materials wisely, opting for organic and natural fabrics whenever possible. Additionally, purchasing fewer items of clothing and buying from sustainable brands can help reduce the overall impact of mass production. 

Companies can also implement more efficient manufacturing processes, such as utilizing renewable energy sources or investing in water-saving technologies. Recycling clothes and other textiles is a great way to extend their life and reduce waste. 

Finally, consumers can make a difference by donating unwanted clothes to charities and recycling centers. By reducing demand for fast fashion, we can help reduce the environmental impact of mass production. 

FAQs on Mass Production of Clothing

What is the process of clothing production?

The intricate process of clothing production involves multiple stages that all play a crucial role in creating the final product. It all begins with the product design, where the look and feel of the clothing is conceptualized. This is followed by fabric selection and inspection, where the appropriate material is chosen and checked for any flaws. 

Patternmaking and grading are next, where the garment patterns are created and adjusted to match different size scales. From there, the fabric is marked, spread, cut, and bundled in preparation for sewing. The stitching process is a highly specialized skill that creates the product. Once assembled, the clothing is pressed or folded and finished with detailing and labeling. 

Finally, the clothing is dyed and washed and undergoes rigorous quality control before being sold. The clothing production process requires attention to detail and a skilled workforce to ensure the highest quality results.

What is an example of mass fashion?

Mass fashion refers to a type of fashion that is the most accessible to the largest group of customers. The goal is to provide high-quality, trendy fashion at affordable prices. This style often consists of fast fashion brands such as Zara, Shein, H&M, Uniqlo, and many others. 

These brands follow industry trends closely, producing new styles frequently and churning out pieces designed to be worn and discarded. The emphasis is on offering a wide range of up-to-date clothing options with current fashion trends. This type of fashion is usually found in malls and shopping centers, catering to a broader audience of shoppers. 

Mass fashion has become increasingly popular with the rise of fast fashion, as it offers trendy garments at an affordable price point, making them accessible to people from all walks of life.

Check out the below video content on “Process of mass production of Casual School Uniform”

What is fast fashion mass production?

Fast fashion is a term used to describe a type of mass production that churns out clothing at a rapid pace, using low-quality materials and subpar craftsmanship. These garments are often made in massive factories in various countries worldwide, where workers are underpaid and overworked. The fabrics used in fast fashion are predominantly synthetic and petroleum-based, undergoing harsh treatments to produce vivid colors and patterns. 

Unfortunately, these practices have significant environmental impacts, including textile waste, pollution, and unethical labor practices. While many people are attracted to fast fashion because of its affordability and trendiness, the true cost of this kind of mass production cannot be ignored. Ultimately, buying into fast fashion perpetuates a cycle of waste and exploitation that we need to break.

What are the differences between Made-to-Order and Mass production clothing?

Made-to-Order and Mass production clothing are two different approaches to the production of clothing items. While both types of production aim to cater to the needs of consumers, there are some fundamental differences between them.

Made-to-Order clothing is handcrafted or tailored according to a customer’s measurements and preferences. The manufacturing process begins once the customer has placed an order for a specific garment. Made-to-Order products are typically more expensive than mass-produced clothing due to the premium materials and precise workmanship. 

The lead time for Made-to-Order clothing is usually longer, as each item is created from scratch. However, this also means that the product will be unique and personalized for the customer.

On the other hand, Mass clothing production involves producing many garments using standardized patterns, sizes, and designs. They are manufactured in bulk, with the same design and size, and are made to cater to the average body shape of a general audience. 

Materials used in the mass production of clothing are often generic and of lower quality, significantly reducing the cost per unit. The lead time for mass-produced clothing is typically shorter, making these products accessible and available to a wider audience at a more affordable price.

One key difference between Made-to-Order and Mass production clothing is the level of customization. Made-to-Order clothing allows for a high level of customization, and customers can choose their preferred materials, patterns, and designs, ensuring that the final product is unique to them. In contrast, mass-produced clothing is uniform, with a limited range of patterns, designs, and sizes.

Another significant difference between the two production types is the final product’s quality. Made-to-Order clothing is crafted with attention to detail and precision, and only high-quality materials are used, which ensures that the final product is of exceptional quality. In contrast, mass-produced clothing may forego certain steps of garment-making to achieve faster production and lower manufacturing costs.


Now you have a detailed knowledge of the mass production of clothing. While it has many advantages, such as cost and speed, some downsides should be considered before choosing to use this method for apparel production. These include a lack of flexibility, increased environmental pollution, energy consumption, and lower-quality materials. 

Weighing up the pros and cons is key to ensuring you make the right decision when it comes to clothing production. By considering all these aspects, you will be able to make the most sustainable and cost-effective choice for your brand. 

Of course, also consider ethical practices when selecting a manufacturer or supplier. Ensuring they take their environmental and social responsibilities seriously is essential for maintaining good business relationships and customer loyalty in the long run. Please refer to our other blog posts for more information on these topics.

Tamim Shikder
Tamim Shikder

Head of the editorial team of I have been working as a merchandiser in the apparel-sourcing industry for the last seven years. Over the years, I have gained a strong understanding of the clothing business and have developed skills in product development, quality control, pricing negotiation and customer service. I am also well versed in the latest trends of fashion and retail industry. For any clothing manufacturing needs, please email me at

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